Anthocyanins occur in all tissues of higher plants, including leaves, stems, roots, flowers, and fruits. Anthoxanthins are clear, white to yellow counterparts of anthocyanins occurring in plants. Anthocyanins are derivatives of anthocyanidins, which include pendant sugars. Anthocyanins are found in the cell vacuole, mostly in flowers and fruits but also in leaves, stems, and roots. In these parts, they are found predominantly in outer cell layers such as the epidermis and peripheral mesophyll cells.


Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)
Bilberry (Vaccinum myrtillus L.)
Black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)
Red raspberry (Rubus idaeus)
Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus Linnaeus)
Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum)
Cherry (Prunus avium)
Eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Concord grape (Vitis labrusca)
Muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia)
Red cabbage (Capitata f. rubra)
Black Soybean (Glycine max Merr)

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